Sharable Courseware Object Reference Model (SCORM), Version 1.0
2000; Ball, R; Burke, R; Fletcher, D; Hoberney, A; Jesukiewicz, P
The Department of Defense (DoD), in cooperation with the Office of Science and Technology, established the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) Initiative to develop a strategy and process for using learning and information technologies together to modernize education and training in the DoD and across federal agencies. The ADL initiative has defined high-level requirements for learning content or learning content objects. These requirements include accessibility, reusability, durability, and interoperability. To meet these requirements, content objects must be developed in accord with specifications that are widely agreed upon, accepted and used. The Sharable Courseware Object Reference Model (SCORM) was developed to articulate clear and implementable specifications for the development of Web-based learning content objects. Version 1.0 addresses three major issues. Course Structure Format, Runtime Environment, and Metadata. Later versions will address these and other issues needed to develop the specification.