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A Framework for Multifaceted Evaluation of Student Models

2015; EDM; Huang, Y.;  Gonźalez-Brenes, J.P.; Kumhar, R.;  Brusilovsky, P.

Latent variable models, such as the popular Knowledge Tracing method, are often used to enable adaptive tutoring systems to personalize education. However, finding optimal model parameters is usually a difficult non-convex optimization problem when considering latent variable models. Prior work has reported that latent variable models obtained from educational data vary in their predictive performance, plausibility, and consistency. Unfortunately, there are still nounified quantitative measurements of these properties. This paper suggests a general unified framework (that we call Polygon) for multifaceted evaluation of student models. The framework takes all three dimensions mentioned above into consideration and offers novel metrics for the quantitative comparison of different student models. These properties affect the effectiveness of the tutoring experience in a way that traditional predictive performance metrics fall short. The present work demonstrates our methodology of comparing Knowledge Tracing with a recent model called Feature-Aware Student Knowledge Tracing (FAST) on datasets from different tutoring systems. Our analysis suggests that FAST generally improves on Knowledge Tracing along all dimensions studied. Slides can be found at https://www.slideshare.net/huangyun/2015edm-a-framework-for-multifaceted-evaluation-of-student-models-polygon.